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First Aid

42606176 s dudkoFirst aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by a non-expert person to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed. Certain self-limiting illnesses or minor injuries may not require further medical care past the first aid intervention. It generally consists of a series of simple and in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment.

Cuts and Bruises

Place a clean pad on the cut and press firmly until the bleeding has stopped. To assist this, in an arm or a leg, raise the limb. Severe bruising can be helped by using a cold compress. Do not give any drinks or food if the injury might mean an anaesthetic being given. Check that the patient is up to date with tetanus protection.

Burns and Scalds

Place affected area under cold running water to reduce heat in the skin. Cover with a clean cloth to cut down risk of infection. Do not apply grease. Do not prick blisters, this will only increase the risk of infection. Take advice from treatment room nurses or take the patient to the hospital if the injury is severe.

Photo © Oleg Dudko

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